Ok so you’ve splashed out on some probiotics, well done! But they’re not cheap, so you want to make sure you look after your tablets. Its a common question – should Probiotics be stored in the fridge. Refrigerating probiotic tablets is recommended, but not always necessary. It depends on what type of probiotics you have.
So basically, all bacteria are sensitive to heat and moisture. Therefore, when it comes to probiotics, which are crammed with millions of living, healthy bacteria, proper storage is critical to achieve full benefits. However, not every probiotic supplement may require refrigeration.
When Should Probiotics Be Refrigerated?
Most people are aware that liquid probiotics in the form of formula and drinks should be refrigerated and more people are able to afford these products because of the tax cuts which is something to write home about.
There are many capsules and tablets as well that need to be kept at a cool temperature. Commercially available strains (dependent on the probiotics brand) in most cases are inherently fragile and must be protected from excess heat.
There is a common misconception that probiotics that are kept in the fridge are more potent and have more living organisms than the ones on the shelf. This is a myth, far from truth. Potency and the number of CFUs depend upon correct manufacturing and storage.
Bacteria in refrigerated probiotics are in the growth phase. However, refrigeration slows down their growth process. Though, they are still consuming nutrients to replicate and build metabolic waste.
These probiotics will progress through the growth phase much faster without refrigeration and may even die. Probiotics are refrigerated to extend their shelf life and keep them intact for consumption. For instance refrigerated acidophilus can last many months.
When Should They Be Kept Out at Room Temperature ?
There are a number of new technologies that do not require probiotic strains to be stored in the refrigerator. Modern sophisticated freeze drying technologies like lyophilisation make sure that your probiotics are kept stable at room temperature. These probiotics are packed in special blister packs to prevent moisture.
When it comes to probiotics refrigeration freeze dried probiotics are more stable and can withstand wide fluctuations in the temperature they are stored in. The bacteria are not dead, but kept in an inactive state. They begin functioning as normal as soon as they come in contact with your stomach.
Some supplements have bacteria in the lag phase. This means that the bacteria mature and grow in size, but, are unable to replicate.
They have not yet come to the point where they begin to divide and multiply. Bacteria adapt to their environment during the lag phase and have a better chance of surviving the corrosive stomach environment. They also do not require refrigeration because the bacteria are essentially not metabolizing.
Shelf stable products are more convenient than the ones in the fridge, especially when you are traveling. You can keep them at your bedside table and even at your desk, to make sure you never a miss a dose and these doses are healthy.
Most manufacturers recommend keeping supplements in the refrigerator (but not the freezer) once opened to prevent moisture from getting to the bacteria.
There are a few exceptional strains as well that are naturally resistant to heat and moisture rather than requiring to be stored at cool temperatures. Bacillus coagulans, few spore forming bacteria and yeast are not sensitive to moisture or heat. These can be part of both refrigerated and shelf stable probiotics.
Two decades ago it was commonly understood that bacteria would die if the probiotics were not kept at a certain temperature ie refrigerated. However, technological advancements allow most of the probiotics available today to remain stable at room temperature.
The need for refrigeration varies and storage instructions are usually mentioned on the label. You can assume a probiotic to be shelf-stable and probiotics refrigeration is not needed if the label does not say anything about it.